Japanese

What is the Japanese Word for Fox? And What Do They Say?

Dragons, tigers, and now foxes! Oh my!!!

If you’ve been readings the last few posts here on Japanese Tactics, then you’ll know what the Japanese word for dragon is, and also what the Japanese word for tiger is too.

But what is the Japanese word for fox? I mean, who cares about dragons and tigers when there are foxes to talk about, right?!

Right! And that’s exactly what you’ll learn here today. And of course, there is more than just one word for it too!

Personally, I’ve always thought that foxes looked really cool. They are not quite the same as dogs, and in fact have a lot in common with cats, such as they way that they hunt and kill their prey.

And I have to admit that the Pokémon Ninetails was always one of my personal favorites in the original games. But the Japanese love foxes even more than I do!

There are TONS of Japanese legends and folklore about foxes, and even the massively popular Kawaii-Metal band BABYMETAL works for “The Fox God”. Why is it like this? Well… only the Fox God knows!

よし!始めましょう!

狐 (kitsune) = Fox

The Japanese word for fox is (kitsune). This kanji is made by combining the kanji for “dog” and the kanji for “melon” together into a new kanji.

As you can see below, when the kanji for dog is used as a radical (as part of a new kanji) its shape gets changed to fit into the left side of the square.

the_kanji_for_fox
Dog + Melon = Fox

I tried to look up the etymology of this kanji to see if I could find out the reason why there’s a melon in there. But unfortunately I couldn’t find it. I mean, I get why they used the kanji for dog. But do foxes love to eat melons or something??? I don’t know. ¯\_(ಠ_ಠ)_/¯

So if you happen to know why, please let me know in the comments below!

The kanji means “fox” in general, but it is usually used as a reference to the red fox, also known as “Vulpes vulpes” (I guess that’s where Vulpex gets its name!).

Sometimes you’ll see the word for fox written in katakana as キツネ instead of in kanji. So keep that in mind when reading Japanese, as you may come across it.

And there is also a loan word (gairaigo) for “fox”, but it is a lot less common to see than the native version of the word. The gairaigo for it is: フォックス (fokkusu). That one’s easy to remember if you speak English.

Compounds that use the   kanji:

  • 白狐 (byakko) = Albino fox; White (spiritual) fox
  • 狐火 (kitsunebi) = Will-o’-the-wisp
  • 狐狸 (kori) = Sly fellow
  • 狐色 (kitsune iro) = Light brown color
  • 狐福 (kitsune fuku) = Unexpected good fortune
  • 狐霊 (korei) = Fox spirit
  • 狐拳 (kitsune ken) = A game similar to Rock, Paper, Scissors
  • 北極狐 (hokkyoku gitsune) = Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus)

The Fox’s Role in Mythology

a_nine-_tailed_fox
Prince Hanzoku terrorised by a nine-tailed fox

In the Japanese mythology of foxes, they are considered intelligent beings with magical abilities such as shape shifting.  They are portrayed in many roles, but the trickster is perhaps the most well known one.

Sometimes they would lead travelers astray with illusions, and other times they would shape shift into a beautiful woman in order to trick men and steal from them. Foxes would also sometimes even possess people.

It was believed that they could live for hundreds of years, gaining more and more power as they got older.

And as they would age, they would grow additional tails until they were finally 1,000 years old and grew their ninth and final tail. At this point their fur would change to a white or golden color and they would change into a “heavenly/celestial fox” 天狐 (tenko) and could ascend into heaven.

Or you could just use a Fire Stone. I’m just saying!

These “nine-tailed foxes” where known as 九尾の狐 (kyuubi no kitsune) and would gain immense power and wisdom.

Maybe you’ve seen the massively popular anime Naruto? He had the nine-tailed fox sealed inside of him as a baby and it granted him incredible power when the seal was cracked or broken. But the nine-tailed fox in that show was a total baddie and would wreck your face!

What Does the Fox Say?

Well actually, they don’t “say” anything. They bark and screech, which is terrifying to hear at night if you don’t know what it is. The first time I heard it, I thought somebody was being murdered!

In Japanese, the word for “to bark” is 鳴く (naku) and the onomatopoeia for the sound of a fox barking/yipping is コンコン (kon kon).

Manga Example:

manga_example_fox

————————————————-

コン!コン! (kon! kon!)
Bark! Bark!

音は何だか? キツネの鳴き声? (oto wa nan da ka? kinetsu no nakigoe?)
What’s that sound? The cry of a fox?

————————————————-

Unfortunately, you can’t really have a fox as a pet. I looked into it once, and they are feral creatures all the way down to their genes. If you got one as a baby and raised it yourself, it would still act like a wild animal throughout its whole life.

However, you can buy a very special breed of fox that has been bred over dozens and dozen of years to weed out that wildness. But I think they cost like, $10,000 or so and you have to buy them in Russia.

Oh well… what can you do, right?

And now I want to know what YOU say! Do you like foxes? Have you ever heard one of them howl before? Let me know what you think of them with a comment below!

またね!

2 Comments

  • jeffrey16201

    Hello

    I find other languages to be interesting to me, but at the same time overwhelming. How does someone learn other languages such as Japanese as in this article?

    I have some Asian friends and wish I knew their language, but the language programs I have looked into just overwhelm me too much to take the first step.

    • Nick Hoyt

      Hey Jeffery, I’m sure a lot of people can relate with you on this. I would recommend checking out the “For Beginners” page that I set up on this site, so that the first thing you can do is to start with the individual sounds of the language.

      Click here to check it out.

      The natural and normal progression of language learning is to first learn the sounds of the language, then to learn some individual words in the language, and finally to learn phrases.

      That final step of learning phrases will help to integrate new vocabulary and grammar at the same time.

      It’s often helpful to pick up either a phrasebook, or sign up for a course’s free trial as they usually have a lot of structure to them which is super helpful when you are just starting out and you’re not sure what to focus on.

      I hope that helps!

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